The World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS) https://www.21wcss.org/ takes place only every 4 years and is organized by the International Union of Soil Science (IUSS). In 2018 it will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Aug. 12-17, 2018). I will serve as the Convener of the Divisional Symposium “C4.5.1. Integration of historical, philosophical and sociological worldviews to secure and sustain soils in the future”.
Submit an abstract by Jan. 20, 2018.
The Division 4 “the Role of Soils in Sustaining Society and the Environment” of IUSS organizes the following Interdivisional Symposia:
4.1. Soils, society and culture: People´s connections to soil.
The aim of this symposium is for dialogue and to build a shared understanding about how different peoples and groups perceive and relate to soil. The emphasis is on how people connect and why do they care about soils. Some contemporary societies seem to ignore or overpower the existential fact that soils sustain almost all terrestrial life. On the other hand, there are many cultural traditions, archaic as well as supported by world religions, philosophies and politics, considering soil to be of high intrinsic value as sustainer of life, or even to be sacred. The focus of this symposium lies on giving attention to elements that create cultural soil appreciation, as cultural and spiritual values, that can improve understanding and communication about soils.
- a) The unrecognized face of the Earth. Christian Feller (IRD/FR, email@example.com).
- b) Soil Ethics – Soil Care, Beliefs and Values. Sabine Grunwald (University of Florida/US, firstname.lastname@example.org)
- c) Sacred Ploughing and Soil: The Peasant Sovereign in Eastern India. Milinda Banerjee (LMU/DE and Presidency University/IN, email@example.com)
4.2. Soil education and public awareness.
The International Year of Soils brought soil to the center stage in many ways. The major goal of promoting dialogue among different soil-related groups and engaging everybody in a conversation about the vital role of soils was shared around the world. Subsequently, the Soil Decade was proclaimed by the IUSS Council and this has focused the IUSS contributions to soil education and communication. The challenges lie in how much has been achieved in public perception of soils, how diverse audiences are reached, sensitizing and touching individuals and peoples and how continuity and permanence of the spirit, actions and movement can be assured to increase soil awareness.
- a) Some challenges and accomplishments in soil science education: Teaching practices, principles, and beyond. Damien Field (University of Sidney/AU, firstname.lastname@example.org)
- b) Soil education in Latin America. Laura Berta Reyes Sanchez (UNAM/MX, email@example.com and Cristine Muggler (UFV/BR, firstname.lastname@example.org)
- c) Which Public? Audiences of soil communication from an arts and humanities perspective. Alexandra Toland (DE, email@example.com)
4.3. Paradigm change in soil science: utopia or reality?
In this symposium dominant soil scientific paradigms are presented in the context of the history of soil science and the future challenges presented by environmental changes and the pressures of human flows. The session serves as an epistemological reflection on the state of the soil science profession in a changing world, providing philosophical as well as practical perspectives on how we conduct our work. Concurrent and sometimes conflicting approaches to research, teaching, communicating and protecting soils are juxtaposed in the proposed presentations and a moderated discussion.
- From soil properties to soil functions and beyond: paradigm change in soil science? Thomas Sauer (NLAE/USDA/US, Sauer@ars.usda.gov)
- A Soil Security concept to value ecosystem services. Cristine Morgan (Texas AM University/US, firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Cultural patterns of soil understanding. Nikola Patzel (IUSS/DE, email@example.com)
4.4. Soil organic matter to secure food and water and the 4 per 1000 initiative
As soils are alive, the promotion of their functions go with the maintenance and enhancement of soil biodiversity. This means the increase of quantity and quality of soil organic matter to support and diversify the soil organisms. What are the technical practices to increase soil organic carbon stocks? What are the limits, the expected benefits and the potential drawbacks of implementing actions to increase soil organic carbon contents? What is the scientific knowledge urgently needed? The “4 per mille” initiative promotes soil organic carbon sequestration to improve soil fertility, adapt to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, targeting agricultural soils in particular. This session aims at bringing together scientists across many disciplines to discuss these different aspects.
Conveners: Beata Madari (EMBRAPA/BR, firstname.lastname@example.org) and
- a) The ‘4 per 1000 initiative’. Claire Chenu (FR) (Chenu@grignon.inra.fr)
- b) ‘4 per mille’ a global persepctive. Budiman Minasny (University of Sydney/AU, email@example.com
- c) Agroecology and tropical soils management beyond food security. Heitor Teixeira, UFV/WUR, BR, firstname.lastname@example.org)
4.5. Soil governance and sustainable development goals: connections between land use policies, soil science and society.
Globally, governance of the soil has been limited to an agricultural perspective due to increased food insecurity. However, there is a need to improve governance of the limited soil resources of the planet in order to guarantee healthy and productive soils for all essential ecosystem services. Additionally, the acceptance of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015 offers opportunities to analyze procedures and to derive common approaches for soil science, past and present land use changes and policies development.
Conveners: Gonçalo Farias (email@example.com) and
- a) SDG´s as a prospect for the development of relations between soil science and society. Johann Bouma, WUR/NL
- b) Innovative soil governance in Latin America: La Ley de Tierras de Ecuador. Érika Zárate, Ministry of Agriculture, EC
- c) Soil as natural capital and the concept contribution to soil governance regulations, Brent Clothier/NZ
The Pedometrics Commission 1.5 of the Division 1 “Soils in Space and Time” of IUSS and associated working groups will convene several symposia, including
1.5.1 – Global soil carbon modeling: This symposium is to bring together scientist both from the soil science and global change community involved in global soil carbon modelling.
1.5.2 – Crucial techniques for the critical zone: Soil morphometrics, monitoring & modelling: This co-organized workshop focus on the cross-pollinations between the research areas of soil evolution modelling, sampling and monitoring and morphometric methods.
1.5.3 – Reconciling pedometrics and pedology: This symposium is intended to bring together scientists both from pedometrics and pedology to create a synergy on advancing soil resource management.
Interdivision Symposium: Pedodiversity and biodiversity
This symposium is intended to increase our knowledge on relationships between pedodiversity and soil biodiversity. Different approaches to describe and estimate soil diversity, effects of biodiversity on pedodiversity, and vice versa will be discussed.
WG – Digital soil mapping: Progress in digital soil mapping: The Symposium will be presenting the recent advances in Digital Soil Mapping techniques
WG – Digital Soil Morphometrics: Soil imaging and image analysis at multiple scales
WG – Global Soil Map: Global Soil Map: progress and challenges: The symposium will provide a review of the state of the art related to GlobalSoilMap. The symposium will review the specifications and the state of progress of GlobalSoilMap products delivery.
WG – Proximal soil sensing (PSS): The symposium will report on the development of: state-of-the-art soil sensing technologies; modern statistical methods for analyzing soil sensor data; methods for multi-sensor data fusion; and methods for sampling and fine resolution digital soil mapping using sensor data
WG – Soil Monitoring: Soil monitoring evolving tools and challenges: The objectives will be to provide a review of the state of the art related to Soil Monitoring. Special attention will be paid to the issues related to the use of new techniques or proxies for monitoring, to recent advances in cost effective sampling designs and harmonization issues.
WG – Universal Soil Classification: Progress for the development of a Universal Soil Classification System: The symposium will provide an overview of the history and progress of the development of a Universal Soil Classification System.