‘Technology’ is a term used to refer to a number of things. It includes tools, techniques, processes, systems, and knowledge. Some people confuse technology with gadgetry.
Usually, technology is a process. It involves a series of steps that validate an idea or an underlying concept. Each step involves an increase in confidence and a greater understanding of the process.
Technology is an important concept in a modern society. Its applications vary, and its impact can be positive or negative. New technologies can disrupt social hierarchies, damage individuals or groups, and create pollution.
Technology is often used in conjunction with science. The application of science via technology involves reasoning through circumstances and constraints.
Generally, technology is a step-by-step process. Each succeeding step involves more complexity. Its use often relies on human creativity, and it can draw on a variety of human talents.
Technology often includes information technology. This involves the use of computers, video conferencing, and data storage facilities. It also includes the use of networks to share information between departments within an organization.
There are two broad types of technology: soft and hard. Soft technologies are related to the economy and management, while hard technologies are related to chemistry and physics. Technology is often used in conjunction with science to improve the way things are produced.
The oldest testimony on the philosophy of technology comes from ancient Greece. The doctrine of the four causes is an early contribution to technology philosophy. Aristotle wrote that the four causes are the reason for the appearance of things. Aristotle explained the doctrine by referring to technical artifacts.